Ecosystems are a challenge as it’s hard to know where to draw the boundary. Humans are ecosystems, so is the planet, so is your organisation.
Actions at every scale have effects and impacts. The complexity is mind boggling.
However there are Dominant Forces, and Simple Principles from which such complexity arises – factors which have major effects and impacts.
Understanding what these are can help you to design, simulate and prototype interventions to better achieve you goals.